Vera Molnar

Basic Info

Name: Vera Molnar
Country of Origin: HU


Vera Molnar (also known by her maiden name, written Gaks Vera a.k.a GV) is a Hungarian-born artist, born in Budapest in 1924. She is considered a pioneer of digital and algorithmic art and many have designated her the first female digital artist. Steeped in a pictorial legacy characteristic of Eastern Europe, she moved to Paris in 1947 to develop an experimental and highly committed career. She lives in Paris, where she continues to work. She has been creating art since she was eight years old.

At first glance, her painting practice can be classified as geometric abstraction, utilizing a basic vocabulary based on the line, the circle, the square and the meander. However, Molnar has spent much of her career developing an intense theoretical reflection on ways of creating and mechanisms of vision. Inspired by Mondrian, Malevich and the concrete art movement, she states that she has a fascination with all work undertaken with “exact sciences and mathematics in particular”. From this foundation, she introduces to the rigor of her work a certain amount of chance, a “hint of disorder” to shake up its strict algorithmic conception.

She had already created a large body of traditional work when she began experimenting with computation as part of her practice.

In 1956, she met François Molnar who would later become her husband. Abandoning his pictorial practice to assume the directorship of a research laboratory at CNRS, François Molnar accompanied and enriched the work of the artist during the first twenty years of her career. Together they met Victor Vasarely and Julio Le Parc, who implemented the beginnings of optical art and cinétique. However, Vera Molnar stayed away from these movements to develop her systematic painting style and lay the foundations of what Serge Lemoine calls “French minimalism”


As a Grande Dame of digital art, Molnar continues to work in both analog and digital media — and in fact it is sometimes difficult to tell if a piece of hers is done on a computer or painted with acrylic. Her constructivist interests mesh seamlessly with basic computation opportunities. Molnar is a wonderful example of how the computer can be a powerful tool in the right hands. Her precise, sensitive modulations of placement and angles take minimalist ingredients and create a complex feast for the eyes.


During this period, Molnar refused to “play the game” of seeking artistic recognition from galleries and institutions. The absence of “publicity” given to the artist delayed her recognition by the public considerably.

Represented in museums all over the world, Molnar recently had a retrospective in Metz and was included in the Elle 200 show at Center George Pompidou. A show in Hungary compared her to Cezanne.

In 1968, she became one of the pioneers of computer use in artistic creation, a tool that, in her words, allowed her art to “free itself from a classical heritage sclerotic” while enabling her to maintain full control of her compositions. Vera Molnar today enriches an already renowned body of work with new systematic constructions in bright colors.

Explore Artworks By Vera Molnar

Artiste Et Ordinateur

Portfolio of works by  Beck-Jung, Bodin, Breval, Hoglund-Wikstrom, Huitric-Nahas, Johannesson, Luke-Kempf, Mohr, Molnar, and Ridell. L’Artiste et L’Ordinateur was a group exhibition in 1979 in Paris at Centre Culturel Suedois (Swedish Cultural Centre). From there it went to Lille and Caen. Participating artists were Holger Backstrom and Bo Ljungberg, Lars-Gunner Bodin, Jose Breval, Sven Hoglund […]

Rond sur Cercles

6 plates (9.45 in diameter each) and 1 dish (12.59 in diameter) Silkscreen printing on porcelain. Here, the artist has arranged a series of 29 concentric circles in fine black line on six white porcelain plates. One of the circles, the fifteenth, starts to randomly shift in a way that gets more and more visible […]

Lettre de ma mère

Computer Drawing  in roll composed of a series of 10 drawings Original and unique print signed and dated by the artist. — Vera Molnar first started to use computers in 1968. This screen print was created from two plotter drawings that simulate the handwriting of Molnar’s elderly mother as she became increasingly unwell. In a […]

144 Rectangles (Triptych)

Third piece in a triptych. Markings on the back include: a drawing of how to orient the piece within the triptych Vera Molnar ‘144 Rectangles’ 1969 2.2.69


Dessin ordinateur / encre sur papier Oeuvre unique, signée et datée par l’artiste Dimension impression : 39 x 10 cm / cadre : 51 x 21 cm

Sortis du sillon

Dessin ordinateur / encre sur papier Oeuvre unique, signée et datée par l’artiste Dimension impression : 38 x 39 cm / cadre : 66.5 x 66.5 cm


Dessin ordinateur / encre sur papier Oeuvre unique, signée et datée par l’artiste